Saint Spyridon the Thaumaturgist (Miracle-worker, Θαυματουργός) is the patron saint (πολιούχος) of the city and the island. After the conquest of the Peloponnese in 1715, the Ottoman fleet appeared in Buthrotum opposite Corfu. From 1386 to 1797, Corfu was ruled by Venetian nobility; much of the city reflects this era when the island belonged to the Republic of Venice, with multi-storied buildings on narrow lanes. Les vents ne tarissent pas et le blizzard demeure toujours aussi violent. Also notable are the Old and New forts, the recently restored Palace of Sts.  The tomb and the lion were found in an area which was part of the necropolis of ancient Korkyra, which was discovered by the British army at the time. Il est né au Canada et, vingt ans plus tard, il est venu mourir au Canada en nous sauvant tous la vie. Corfu (Kerkyra), unlike the rest of Greece, never fell under the Ottoman oppression. The island remained in the Epirotic alliance until 255 BC when it became independent after the death of Alexander, last King of Epirus. "The Revolution in Corcyra." Corfu is mostly planted with olive groves and vineyards and has been producing olive oil and wine since antiquity. Peu à peu, la panique s’installe à bord, particulièrement au sein des matelots. , The Tomb of Menecrates or Monument of Menecrates is an Archaic cenotaph in Corfu, built around 600 BC in the ancient city of Korkyra (or Corcyra). C’est en passant une corde sous les bras de chacun qu’ils descendent ainsi tout le monde jusqu’au doris qui tangue violemment au bout de la corde qui le retient à quelques centimètres de l’immense coque du navire. Corfu was one of the main locations featured in the 1970 film, The 1984 Greek film "Η Τιμή της Αγάπης" (, Greek National Road 24, Cen., NW, Corfu – Palaiokastritsa, Greek National Road 25, Cen., S, SE, Corfu – Lefkimi, Siebert, Diana: Aller Herren Außenposten. On land, the Hermann's tortoise is widespread while the marginated tortoise's status is unclear. Red foxes, beech martens, least weasels, European hares, northern white-breasted hedgehogs are quite easy to see as some of the smaller mammals as well as the bats. Practical Guide to Corfu Island The best time to visit Corfu.  Corfu became central for the propagation of the activities of the Filiki Etaireia among the Greek Diaspora and philhellenic societies across Europe, through nobles like Ioannis Kapodistrias and Dionysios Romas.  Many among the local population at the time provided shelter and refuge to those 200 Jews that managed to escape the Nazis. Surrounded by dazzling blue seas, and sprinkled with ancient ruins you’ll be hard pressed to find a more beautiful escape than Corfu Island. Due to the successive dominations of the Venetians, the French and the British over the centuries, the island has primarily become part of the Western rather the Levantine world. Tout est blanc et froid. Heureusement, sa radio fonctionne par alimentation électrique mue par manivelle et il ne lui reste plus qu’à lancer au hasard des navires à l’écoute, un message de détresse. Corfu, the verdurous isle of the Phaeacians, the greenest in Greece, and the entire Mediterranean too.  After Greece's surrender to the Axis, the island came under Italian control and occupation. It was in the Venetian period that the city saw the erection of the first opera house (Nobile Teatro di San Giacomo di Corfù) in Greece. C’est ainsi qu’à 5 personnes par voyages incluant les sauveteurs, ils réussissent à descendre à terre tout l’équipage. À peu de choses près, ces navires étaient tous semblables en 1943 et mesuraient 441 pi 6 po (134,5 m) de longueur hors tout et 57pi 2 po (17,5 m) de largeur. Un lien, même ténu, est alors établi entre ce navire en perdition et les gens à terre qui veulent aider ces marins dont la condition est plus que précaire. Pas question de baisser les bras et Chester Turnbull décide donc de ramasser tous les bouts de fils disponibles dans le local de transmission et fabriquer une antenne de fortune avec les moyens du bord. Two islands are also to be found at a middle point of Gouvia and Corfu Bay, which extends across much of the eastern shore of the island; are known as Lazareto and Ptychia (or Vido). Elle passe au dessus de la tête des gens sur la côte pour aller se loger à une centaine de pieds derrière un buttereau de sable enneigé. Voulant répondre à ce message de détresse, l’opérateur-radio réalise tout comme son confrère, que la réception est bonne, mais que l’émission d’une réponse ne fonctionne pas. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός", https://corfutvnews.gr/diaspasi-deite-tin-tropologia/, "Old Town of Corfu on UNESCO website retrieved 3 July 2007", "European Union Summit: Corfu summiteers ready to fudge key EU decision", "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. Voulant mettre fin à une aventure ayant marqué sa vie de marin plus d’une quarantaine d’années auparavant, il souhaite coller à ses souvenirs un peu plus que du blizzard, de la neige, du froid et de la peur. À l’état neuf, ces unités navales pouvaient maintenir une vitesse moyenne de 9 nœuds (11 mph – 17,7 km/h). , Kassiopi Castle is considered one of the most imposing architectural remains in the Ionian Islands, along with Angelokastro, Gardiki Castle and the two Venetian Fortresses of Corfu City, the Citadel and the New Fort. Around 40 species of mammals live on the island and in the sea around it. Ce fut une réussite, car tous furent sauvés. During invasions it helped shelter the local peasant population. Artifacts from the Palaiopolis, Providence 2004. Naviguant alors en direction du canal de Panama, la raison en était simple. It was then perhaps that the settlement of Cassiope was founded to serve as a base for the King of Epirus' expeditions. Seaplanes, Air Sea Lines, a Greek seaplane operator, offers scheduled flights from Corfu to Paxoi, Lefkada, Ithaki, Kefalonia, Ioannina, Patras and Brindisi in Italy. Other coaches drive up to twice a day to Athens and Thessaloniki. Will Durant claimed that Corfu owed to the Republic of Venice the fact that it was one of the few parts of Greece never conquered by the Ottomans. Une soixantaine de pieds de fils passés ici et là par tous les appartements et isolés au moyen de bouteilles d’eau gazeuse trouvées dans les poubelles finissent par donner des résultats. Ils réussissent à les convaincre qu’ils seront mieux à terre que dans les conditions prévalant à bord et ensemble, ils établissent un plan. Corfu is located near the Kefalonia geological fault formation; earthquakes have occurred. Il craint une infiltration dans les cales et surtout le gel dans les conduites des pompes qui servent aussi à l’alimentation de l’unique chaudière à vapeur. , In 303 BC, after a vain siege by Cassander, the island was occupied for a short time by the Lacedaemonian general Cleonymus of Sparta, then regained its independence and later it was attacked and conquered by Agathocles of Syracuse. Reprinted in Rogers, Perry. During this time, the local Greek language assimilated a large number of Italian and Venetian words, many of which are still common today. En 1949, on le dit vendu à des intérêts panaméens et baptisé à nouveau CORFU ISLAND. It is the setting of the 1998 song Mediterranean Lady by Prozzak. Köln, 2016, This page was last edited on 31 December 2020, at 12:17. En 2008, au cours d’une réunion entre amis, il livre le témoignage suivant dont voici le texte intégral. It is known as the first Doric temple exclusively built with stone. For Corfiotes a recent example of such heroism is that of geology student Kostas Georgakis, who set himself ablaze in Genoa, Italy on 19 September 1970, in a protest against the Greek military junta of 1967-1974. From the twin peaks of the new site, the medieval city received its new name, Korypho (Κορυφώ, "city on the peak") or Korphoi (Κορφοί, "peaks"), whence the modern Western name of "Corfu". Vous avez risqué vos vies pour nous sauver. copyrights: Unknown. At a date no doubt previous to the foundation of Syracuse, Corfu was peopled by settlers from Corinth, probably 730 BC, but it appears to have previously received a stream of emigrants from Eretria.  Very few Greek temple reliefs from the Archaic period have survived, and the large fragments of the group from the pediment are the earliest significant survivals. The Order of St. Michael and St. George was founded here in 1818 with motto auspicium melioris aevi, and is still awarded by the United Kingdom. Le cœur se souvient toujours des histoires oubliées Corfu repulsed several Ottoman sieges, before passing under British rule following the Napoleonic Wars. Another venerable Corfu tradition is known as the Carnival or Ta Karnavalia. In Greece, cricket is unique to Corfu, as it was once a British protectorate. In the city, there are thirty-seven Greek churches, the most important of which are the city's cathedral, the church dedicated to Our Lady of the Cave (η Παναγία Σπηλιώτισσα (hē Panagia Spēliōtissa)); Saint Spyridon Church, wherein lies the preserved body of the patron saint of the island; and finally the suburban church of St Jason and St Sosipater (Αγιοι Ιάσων και Σωσίπατρος), reputedly the oldest in the island, and named after the two saints probably the first to preach Christianity to the Corfiots. The metope of the temple was probably decorated, since remnants of reliefs featuring Achilles and Memnon were found in the ancient ruins. Cependant, il ne reste plus de chaloupe et ils sont dix-neuf hommes toujours en détresse. Corfu gives the impression of a travel back to the time of the knights. The centrepiece of the gardens is a marble statue on a high pedestal, of the mortally wounded Achilles (Greek: Αχιλλεύς Θνήσκων, Achilleús Thnēskōn, Achilles Dying) without hubris and wearing only a simple cloth and an ancient Greek hoplite helmet. Corfu (/kɔːrˈf(j)uː/, US also /ˈkɔːrf(j)uː/) or Kerkyra (Greek: Κέρκυρα, romanized: Kérkyra, pronounced [ˈcercira] (listen))[a] is a Greek island in the Ionian Sea, of the Ionian Islands, and, including its small satellite islands, forms the margin of the northwestern frontier of Greece.  The 1994 European Union summit was held in Corfu. The first governor of independent Greece after the revolution of 1821, founder of the modern Greek state, and distinguished European diplomat Ioannis Kapodistrias was born in Corfu. The Old Town of Corfu city is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Le capitaine demande donc à tous d’être aux aguets afin de percevoir une terre quelque part. Uber est-il disponible dans votre ville ? Another castle, Angelokastro, situated on the northwest coast near Palaiokastritsa (Greek: Παλαιοκαστρίτσα meaning Old Castle place) and located on particularly steep and rocky terrain, also held out. Like other native Greek Catholics, they celebrate Easter using the same calendar as the Greek Orthodox church.  On the first Sunday of November 1941, high school students from all over Corfu took part in student protests against the occupying Italian army; these student protests of the island were among the first acts of overt popular Resistance in occupied Greece and a rare phenomenon even by wartime European standards. , The Digital Archaic Heraion Project at Mon Repos is a project that has undertaken the task of digitising the architectural fragments found at the Corfu Heraion with the aim to reconstruct in 3D the Temple at Palaiopolis in virtual space.  The temple features several architectural peculiarities that point to a Doric origin. The internationally renowned Venetian-born British photographer Felice Beato (1832–1909) is thought to have spent much of his childhood in Corfu. The famous salute to Achilles from the Kaiser, which had been inscribed at the statue's base, was also created by Kekulé.  Ruins of ancient Greek temples and other archaeological sites of the ancient city of Korkyra are found in Palaiopolis. Following the Kaiser's purchase of the Achilleion, he invited archaeologist Reinhard Kekulé von Stradonitz, a friend and advisor, to come to Corfu to advise him where to position the huge statue of Achilles which he commissioned. In the third invasion in 1185, the island was again captured by William II of Sicily, but was soon regained by Isaac II Angelos. , The first opera to be performed in the San Giacomo was in 1733 ("Gerone, tiranno di Siracusa"), and for almost two hundred years, between 1771 and 1943, nearly every major opera from the Italian tradition, as well as many others from Greek and French composers, were performed on the stage of the San Giacomo; this tradition continues to be reflected in Corfiote operatic history, a fixture in famous opera singers' itineraries. Until the early 18th century, musical life took place in city and village squares, with performances of straight or musical comedies – known as Momaries or Bobaries. It was destroyed during a Luftwaffe aerial bombardment in 1943.  The temple also lacked both porch and adyton, and the lack of a triglyph and metope frieze may be indicative of Ionian influence. The island then became a member of the Epirotic alliance. Sous le prétexte qu’ils étaient habituellement armés de deux canons défensifs, l’un à l’avant et l’autre à l’arrière, ils firent fi de la convention de Genève signée par les deux parties en 1929. The coastline stretches for about 217 km and has some of the most beautiful beaches of Greece, with sandy shores and clean water. Eight species of amphibians and 31 species of reptiles live or have been recorded on and around Corfu..  It was built by a ruler of the Despotate of Epirus, and was one of three castles which defended the island before the Venetian era (1401–1797). Une fois la traversée qui fut passablement houleuse, le Corfu navigue alors en pleine tempête entre les Îles de la Madeleine et l’Île d’Anticosti. The island was one of the first places in Europe in which Romani people ("Gypsies") settled. Ils sont enfin échoués et à ce qu’il semble, cela pourrait être une plage et non des récifs. Thucydides. These contemporary Catholics are mostly families who came from Malta, but also from Italy, and today the Catholic community numbers about 4,000 (2⁄3 of Maltese descent), who live almost exclusively in the Venetian "Citadel" of Corfu City. The new citadel was until recently a restricted area due to the presence of a naval garrison, but old restrictions have been lifted and it is now open to the public, with tours possible through the maze of medieval corridors and fortifications. width of 34 km the island has an area of 613.6 km² and a costal line of 217 km. The harmless snake list includes the European worm snake, the javelin sand boa, the Dahl's whip snake, the Balkan whip snake, the Caspian whip snake, the four-lined snake, the Aesculapian snake, the leopard snake, the grass snake, the dice snake, the European cat snake, the eastern Montpellier snake. Ancient Korkyra took part in the Battle of Sybota which was a catalyst for the Peloponnesian War, and, according to Thucydides, the largest naval battle between Greek city states until that time. Malgré tout, l’équipage réussit à rafistoler les dégâts et on redémarre le moteur. Fin whales, sperm whales, Cuvier's beaked whales, common bottlenose dolphins, short-beaked common dolphins, striped dolphins and Risso's dolphins are the regularly present cetaceans. The Old Town of Corfu has clear Venetian influence and is amongst the World Heritage Sites in Greece. It is located at the top of the highest peak of the island's shoreline in the northwest coast near Palaiokastritsa and built on particularly precipitous and rocky terrain. , Since the castle was abandoned for a long time, its structure is in a state of ruin. D’autres arrivent en même temps sur les lieux et constatent l’ampleur de la tâche qui les attend. , During the First World War, the island served as a refuge for the Serbian army that retreated there on Allied forces' ships from a homeland occupied by the Austrians, Germans and Bulgarians. It was then called the Palace of Saints Michael and George. The full extent of capes and promontories take in Agia Aikaterini, Drastis to the north, Lefkimmi and Asprokavos to the southeast, and Megachoro to the south. The nearby island, known as Pontikonisi (Greek meaning "mouse island"), though small is very green with abundant trees, and at its highest natural elevation (excluding its trees or man-made structures, such as the monastery), stands at about 2 m (6 ft 6.74 in). L’idée était de pivoter les restes du Corfu au moyen de deux puissants bulldozers et ensuite le tirer à l’intérieur des butteraux afin de procéder plus facilement à la démolition. Peine perdue toutefois, puisque le tout s’arrête quelques heures plus tard et là, il n’y a plus rien à faire. Corfu the Garden Isle, editor Frank Giles, John Murray 1994, Cathedral of St. James and St. Christopher, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Corfu, Zakynthos and Cephalonia, Lord High Commissioner of the Ionian Islands, Second National Assembly of the Greeks at Athens, George Nugent-Grenville, 2nd Baron Nugent, persecution of pagans in the late Roman Empire, Municipality of Central Corfu and Diapontia Islands, Artemis temple in the ancient city of Korkyra, Ioannis Kapodistrias International Airport, List of twin towns and sister cities in Greece, "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. , During Late Antiquity (late Roman/early Byzantine period), the island formed part of the province of Epirus Vetus in the praetorian prefecture of Illyricum. The old citadel (in Greek Palaio Frourio (Παλαιό Φρούριο) is an old Venetian fortress built on an artificial islet with fortifications surrounding its entire perimeter, although some sections, particularly on the east side, are slowly being eroded and falling into the sea. Naufrage du Corfu Islands à l’Étang-du-Nord. The castle is a tourist attraction today. ; Evan Thomas Radcliffe & Co. D’ailleurs, à la fin des hostilités, un nombre incalculable de ces navires demeuraient « sur les bras » de l’amirauté puisque plus de 2700 furent construits aux É.-U.  The fortifications of the island were used by the Venetians to defend against Ottoman intrusion into the Adriatic.  The Corfu temple architecture may have influenced the design of an archaic sanctuary structure found at St. Omobono in Italy, near Tiber in Ancient Rome, at the time of the Etruscans, which incorporates similar design elements. Also cultivated on the island are the white Petrokoritho, Moschato Aspro, Robola and Kozanitis and the red Kakotrygis and Mavrodafni", "The Ionian Islands During the Byzantine Period: An Overview of their History and Monuments", Serbs in Corfu and Vido: Historical Website, Cathedral of Saint James and Saint Christopher, Peloponnese, Western Greece and the Ionian, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Corfu&oldid=997421086, Mediterranean port cities and towns in Greece, Municipalities of the Ionian Islands (region), Populated places in Corfu (regional unit), Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles containing Medieval Greek-language text, Articles with Greek-language sources (el), Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Instances of Lang-el using second unnamed parameter, Articles containing Venetian-language text, Articles containing Serbian-language text, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source 1: Hellenic National Meteorological Service, Source 2: NOAA (extremes and sun 1961−1990), Count Dimitrios Nikolaou Karousos, President of the. Bien que naviguant sous pavillon panaméen, il fut acquis par l’armateur Grecque J.V.Thrasivoulos Boyagides pour dit-on environ 55,000.  The fortifications of the island were used by the Venetians to defend against Ottoman intrusion into the Adriatic. Impossible de partager les articles de votre blog par e-mail. , Following the Nazi invasion, the Italians capitulated, and the island came under German occupation.  The opera house of Corfu during the 18th and 19th centuries was the Nobile Teatro di San Giacomo, named after the neighbouring Catholic cathedral; it was later converted into the City Hall. Its economy grew but a portion of its inhabitants left the island for other parts of the country; buildings erected during Italian occupation – such as schools or government buildings – were put back to civic use. Après le naufrage, les assurances auraient versé à cet armateur une somme d’environ 212,000 « pounds » soit un peu plus de 400,000.  The Royal Navy swept the Corfu Channel for mines in 1944 and 1945, and found it to be free of mines. , A series of attempts by the Ottomans to take the island began in 1431 when Ottoman troops under Ali Bey landed on the island. Thucydides also reports that Korkyra was one of the three great naval powers of fifth century BC Greece, along with Athens and Corinth. On s’active maintenant sur la plage et on décide au moyen du doris de filer sur le cordage tendu entre le bastingage du navire et l’autoneige stationnée là où la fusée s’est fichée plus tôt. Corfu also has some rocky coastlines, particularly on the northern side. C’est alors que Guy Aucoin et Michel Cormier ont l’idée d’aller chercher un doris non loin de là. Le premier à gravir l’échelle de cordage d’une quarantaine de pieds serait Fernand Lapierre. At this time, it was governed by a prefect (presumably nominated by the consuls), but in 148 BC it was attached to the province of Macedonia. Of the snakes of Corfu only the nose-horned viper is potentially dangerous. Le soleil perce quelques fois les nuages à la barre du jour. Désormais, des gens connaissaient leur sort et allaient tenter de les aider.  It is also considered the first building to have incorporated all of the elements of the Doric architectural style. The commercially advantageous location of Corcyra on the way between Greece and Magna Grecia, and its fertile lowlands in the southern section of the island favoured its growth and, influenced perhaps by the presence of non-Corinthian settlers, its people, quite contrary to the usual practice of Corinthian colonies, maintained an independent and even hostile attitude towards the mother city. Corfu, the island of Phaeakia in ancient times, is considered as one of the most interesting and beautiful islands of Greece. In 1898, Empress Sissi was assassinated at the age of 60 by an Italian anarchist, Luigi Lucheni, in Geneva, Switzerland. , During its 41-year history it was one of the premier theatres and opera houses in Greece, and as the first theatre in Southeastern Europe, it contributed to the Arts and to the history of the Balkans and of Europe. In total more than 1800 plant species have been recorded.. The bands, however, defiantly played it on the Eve of Easter, as a token of the resurrection of the nation, and the tradition is honoured to this day. Movies. Heureusement du côté tribord, le bateau faisant écran, c’est un peu plus calme.  The Ionian University was established in 1984. Corfu is the second largest island in the Ionian Sea, after Kefalonia. In the old town there are many narrow streets paved with cobblestones. Under the latter, the island suffered considerably from the inroads of various adventurers.. C’est donc avec l’aide d’un vieux dictionnaire qu’un officier trouva ce à quoi ressemblait le drapeau du pays portant un cèdre comme emblème. Ruiz-Olmo, J. After her death, the palace was sold to the German Kaiser Wilhelm II. On Holy Saturday morning, the three city bands again take part in the Epitaph processions of St. Spyridon Cathedral in procession with the Saint's relics. The eastern side of the fort has disappeared and only a few traces of it remain. The island's culture absorbed Venetian influence in a variety of ways; like other Ionian islands (see Cuisine of the Ionian islands), its local cuisine took in such elements and today's Corfiot cooking includes Venetian delicacies and recipes: "Pastitsada", deriving from the Venetian "Pastissada" (Italian: "Spezzatino") and the most popular dish in the island of Corfu, "Sofrito", "Strapatsada", "Savoro", "Bianco" and "Mandolato". Corfu has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Csa in the Köppen climate classification). Le navire dérive donc ainsi toute la nuit et avant le lever du jour, la direction des vents change et en peu de temps, le navire frappe brutalement le fond et s’immobilise avec une gîte sur bâbord d’environ 15 degrés. During the British occupation, in 1814, the leprosarium was once again opened after renovations, and following Enosis in 1864 the leprosarium again saw occasional use. Toutefois, cet évènement remonte le moral à bord. At the other end of the island, the southern resort of Kavos also provides tourist facilities. Hera's temple is situated at the western limits of Mon Repos, close to Kardaki Temple and to the northwest. Un homme descend de l’avion à l’aéroport de Havre-aux-Maisons.  Poseidon brought Korkyra to the hitherto unnamed island and, in marital bliss, offered her name to the place: Korkyra, which gradually evolved to Kerkyra (Doric). ».  Indeed, the medieval name of Corfu first appears (Latinized Coryphus) in Liutprand of Cremona's account of his 968 embassy to the Byzantine court. The main islands are Othonoi, Ereikoussa and Mathraki. The Ionian University was established in 1984, in recognition, by the administration of Andreas Papandreou, of Corfu's contribution to Education in Greece, as the seat of the first Greek university in modern times, the Ionian Academy. Pas besoin de connaître la langue grecque pour être touché devant une scène aussi émouvante. Considérés comme des navires marchands par les Alliés en vertu de la convention de Genève, mêmes que les marins naviguant sur ces bateaux n’étaient pas considérés comme des militaires, les Allemands ne l’entendaient pas ainsi. Il fait tempête depuis plus de 24 heures et Chester Turnbull, le jeune opérateur-radio de l’époque doit monter à pied la route qui mène à la station afin de remplacer son confrère. , Others have asserted that Corfu was Taphos, the island of the Lelegian Taphians..  It was one of the largest temples of its time.. L’angoisse est palpable à bord et des marins sont au bord de la panique.  This is enacted in anticipation of the Resurrection of Jesus, which is to be celebrated that same night, and to commemorate King David's phrase: "Thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel" (Psalm 2:9). Having purchased the Achilleion in 1907 after Sissi's death, he appointed Carl Ludwig Sprenger as the botanical architect of the Palace, and also built a bridge later named by the locals after him—the "Kaiser's bridge" (Greek: η γέφυρα του Κάιζερ transliterated as: i gefyra tou Kaizer)—to access the beach without traversing the road forming the island's main artery to the south.